REVIEW ARTICLE


Chewing Gum Use in the Perioperative Period



D. John Doyle1, 2, *
1 Department of General Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2 Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 D. John Doyle.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of General Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic, Abu Dhabi, UAE & Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA; Tel: -971 52 699 7627;
Email: djdoyle@hotmail.com


Abstract

A synopsis of the latest research on the perioperative use of chewing gum by surgical patients is presented, focusing on the preoperative and postoperative periods. Current data now suggest that the preoperative use of chewing gum does not adversely affect gastric emptying and that the postoperative use of chewing gum may actually aid recovery from some forms of major surgery. Additionally, the use of chewing gum may increase alertness and serve to reduce stress, as well as offer important oral health benefits.

Keywords: Aspiration risk, Chewing gum, Gastric emptying, Gastric volume, Gastric ultrasonography, Postoperative ileus.