Comparison of the Effect of Different Dosages of Celecoxib on Reducing Pain after Cystocele and Rectocele Repair Surgery



Sepideh Vahabi1
iD
, Arash Karimi1, *
iD
, Siavash Beiranvand1, *
iD
, Mahmoudreza Moradkhani1
iD
, Khatereh Hassanvand1
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 723
Abstract HTML Views: 228
PDF Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 951
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 370
Abstract HTML Views: 126
PDF Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 496



Creative Commons License
© 2020 Vahabi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran; Tel: 00986633120172/00989125524355; E-mails: dr.s.beiranvand@ gmail.com and dr.a.karimi53@gmail.com.


Abstract

Background:

Administration of celecoxib reduces pain and inflammation and is associated with greater patient satisfaction.

Objective:

This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of two different doses of oral celecoxib for reducing postoperative pain.

Methods:

This randomized clinical trial was performed on 90 patients undergoing cystocele and rectocele repair under spinal anesthesia. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: the first group received 200 mg/day celecoxib, the second group received 400 mg/day celecoxib and the third group was placebo. The pain was measured at 8, 16 and 24 hours after surgery using the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) method. If the pain score was greater than 5, pethidine 1 mg/kg was prescribed. Pain score at 8, 16 and 24 hours, the need for pethidine, side effects and satisfaction score were recorded during the first 24 hours after surgery.

Results:

The pain score at postoperative 8 hours was 7.7, 3.9, and 8.1 in the 200 mg/day celecoxib, 400 mg/day celecoxib, and placebo group, respectively (p<0.001). Furthermore, the need for pethidine was significantly less in 400 mg/day group and with the greatest satisfaction score, p<0.01, respectively.

Conclusion:

Our study concludes that 400 mg/day of celecoxib can be effective against postoperative pain, following the cystocele and rectocele repair, as compared to 200 mg/day and placebo groups. Unwanted use of opioids can be avoided with economically cheaper and safer drugs.

Keywords: Celecoxib, Opioids, Pethidine, Pain, Rectocele repair, VAS.